255 wissenschaftliche Studien zur Schädlichkeit von Amalgam

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255 wissenschaftliche Studien zur Schädlichkeit von Amalgam / Teil 1

"Ist Amalgam gefährlich?

Von Dr. Joachim Mutter (zusammengefasst von Monika Obendorfer)

Hier&Jetzt 6. Jahrgang – Ausgabe 2/2004

[1] Nickolaus B: Einen sanften Ausstieg vorbereiten. Deutsches Ärzteblatt 92, ½, 9.1.95
[2] Kommission Human Biomonitoring des Umweltbundesamtes: Stoffmonographie Quecksilber. Referenz- und Human-Biomonitoring-Werte (HBM). Bundesgesundhbl 1999; 42:522-532
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[15] Galic N, Prpic-Mehiic G, Prester LJ, Krnic Z, Blanusa M, Erceg D: Elimination of mercury from amalgam in rats. J Trace Elem Med Biol. 2001; 15(1):1-4
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[17] Hahn LJ, Kloiber R, Leininger RW, Vimy MJ, Lorscheider FL: Whole-body imaging of the distribution of mercury released from dental fillings into monkey tissues. FASEB J 1990; 4:3256-3260
[18] Lorscheider FL, Vimy MJ, Summers AO: Mercury exposure from "silver" tooth fillings: emerging evidence questions a traditional dental paradigm. FASEB J 1995; 9:504-508
[19] Lorscheider FL, Vimy MJ: Mercury exposure from "silver" fillings. Lancet 1991; 337:1103
[20] Vimy MJ, Takahashi Y, Lorscheider FL: Maternal-fetal distribution of mercury (203Hg) released from dental amalgam fillings. Am. J. Physiol 1990; 258:939-945
[21] Barregard L, Svalander C, Schutz A, Westberg G, Sallsten G, Blohme I, Molne J, Attman PO, Haglind P: Cadmium, mercury, and lead in kidney cortex of the general Swedish population: a study of biopsies from living kidney donors. Environ Health Perspect. 1999 Nov; 107(11):867-71
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[24] Drasch G, Wanghofer E, Roider G: Are blood, urine, hair, and muscle valid bio-monitoring parameters for the internal burden of men with the heavy metals mercury, lead and cadmium? Trace Elem Electrolytes 1997; 14:116 –123
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[31] Mortada WI, Sobh MA, El-Defrawy MM, Farahat EF: Mercury in dental restoration: Is there a risk of nephrotoxicity? J Nephrol 2002; 15:171-176
[32] Nylander M: Mercury in pituitary glands of dentists. Lancet 1986; 1:442
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[34] Nylander M, Friberg L, Lind B: Mercury concentrations in the human brain and kidneys in relation to exposure from dental amalgam fillings. Swed Dent J 1987; 11:179-187
[35] Pizzichini M, Fonzi M, Giannerini F, Mencarelli M, Gasparoni A, Rocchi G, Kaitsas V, Fonzi L: Influence of amalgam fillings on Hg levels and total antioxidant activity in plasma of healthy donors. Sci Total Environ 2003; 301(1-3):43-50
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[37] Zimmer H, Ludwig H, Bader M, Bailer J, Eickholz P, Staehle HJ, Triebig G: Determination of mercury in blood, urine and saliva for the biological monitoring of an exposure from amalgam fillings in a group with self-reported adverse health effects. Int. J. Hyg. Environ. Health 205, 205-211 (2002)
[38] Drasch G, Schupp I, Riedl G, Günther G: Einfluß von Amalgamfüllungen auf die Quecksilberkonzentration in menschlichen Organen. Dtsch Zahnärztl Z 1992; 47:490-496
[39] Drasch G, Schupp I, Hofl H, Reinke R, Roider G: Mercury burden of human fetal and infant tissues. Eur J Pediatr 1994; 153:607-610
[40] Drasch G, Wanghofer E, Roider G: Are blood, urine, hair, and muscle valid bio-monitoring parameters for the internal burden of men with the heavy metals mercury, lead and cadmium? Trace Elem Electrolytes 1997; 14:116 –123
[41] Kingman A, Albertini T, Brown LJ: Mercury concentrations in urine and whole blood associated with amalgam exposure in a US military population. J Dent Res 1998; 77:461-471
[42] Lorscheider FL, Vimy MJ, Summers AO: Mercury exposure from "silver" tooth fillings: emerging evidence questions a traditional dental paradigm. FASEB J 1995; 9:504-508
[43] Mutter J, Naumann J: Mercury and the risk of myocardial infarction. N Engl J Med 2003; 348:2151-4
[44] Nylander M, Friberg L, Lind B: Mercury concentrations in the human brain and kidneys in relation to exposure from dental amalgam fillings. Swed Dent J 1987; 11:179-187
[45] Pizzichini M, Fonzi M, Giannerini F, Mencarelli M, Gasparoni A, Rocchi G, Kaitsas V, Fonzi L: Influence of amalgam fillings on Hg levels and total antioxidant activity in plasma of healthy donors. Sci Total Environ 2003; 301(1-3):43-50
[46] Ask K, Akesson A, Berglund M, Vahter M: Inorganic mercury and methylmercury in placentas of Swedish women. Environ Health Perspect 2002; 110:523-526
[47] Drasch G, Schupp I, Hofl H, Reinke R, Roider G: Mercury burden of human fetal and infant tissues. Eur J Pediatr 1994; 153:607-610
[48] Holmes AS, Blaxill MF, Haley BE: Reduced levels of mercury in first baby haircuts of autistic children. Int J Toxicol 2003; 22:277-285
[49] Morgan DL, Chanda SM, Price HC, Fernando R, Liu J, Brambila E, O'Connor RW, Beliles RP, Barone S Jr: Disposition of inhaled mercury vapor in pregnant rats: maternal toxicity and effects on developmental outcome. Toxicol Sci. 2002 Apr; 66(2): 261-73
[50] Takahashi Y, Tsuruta S, Arimoto M, Tanaka H, Yoshida M: Placental transfer of mercury in pregnant rats which received dental amalgam restorations. Toxicology. 2003 Mar 14; 185(1-2):23-33
[51] Yoshida M, Satoh M, Shimada A, Yamamoto E, Yasutake A, Tohyama C: Maternal-to-fetus transfer of mercury in metallothionein-null pregnant mice after exposure to mercury vapor. Toxicology. 2002 Jun 14; 175(1-3):215-22
[52] Yoshida M: Placental to fetal transfer of mercury and fetotoxicity. Tohoku J Exp Med. 2002 Feb; 196(2):79-88
[53] Drasch G, Aigner S, Roider G, Staiger F, Lipowsky G: Mercury in human colostrum and early breast milk. Its dependence on dental amalgam and other factors. J Trace Elem Med Biol. 1998 Mar; 12(1):23-7
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[56] Leistevuo, J, Leistevuo, T, Helenius, H, Pyy, L, Osterblad, M, Huovinen, P, Tenovuo, J: Dental amalgam fillings and the amount of organic mercury in human saliva. Caries Res. 35, 163-166 (2001)
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[60] Jones DW: Exposure or absorption and the crucial question of limits for mercury. J Can Dent Assoc. 1999 Jan; 65(1): 42-6
[61] Larkin M: Don't remove amalgam fillings, urges American Dental Association. Lancet 2002; 3:360
[62] Wahl MJ: Amalgam -- Resurrection and redemption. Part 1: the clinical and legal mythology of anti-amalgam. Quintessence Int. 2001a; 32(7): 525-35
[63] Wahl MJ. Amalgam -- resurrection and redemption. Part 2: The medical mythology of anti-amalgam. Quintessence Int. 2001b; 32(9): 696-710
[64] Wahl MJ: A biocompatible material for the new millennium: dental amalgam. Dent Today. 2001c; 20(11): 16
[65] Wahl MJ: Amalgam revisited. Dent Today. 2002 Jun; 21(6): 16, 18
[66] Wahl MJ: A resin alternative for posterior teeth: questions and answers on dental amalgam. Dent Update. 2003 Jun; 30(5): 256-62
[67] Drasch persönliche Mitteilung 2003
[68] Hargreaves RJ, Evans JG, Janota I, Magos L, Cavanagh JB: Persistent mercury in nerve cells 16 years after metallic mercury poisoning. Neuropathol Appl Neurobiol. 1988 Nov-Dec; 14(6): 443-52
[69] Kosta L, Byrne AR, Zelenko V. Correlation between selenium and mercury in man following exposure to inorganic mercury. Nature. 1975 Mar 20; 254(5497): 238-9
[70] Opitz H, Schweinsberg F, Grossmann T, Wendt-Gallitelli MF, Meyermann R: Demonstration of mercury in the human brain and other organs 17 years after metallic mercury exposure. Clin Neuropathol 1996; 15:139-144
[71] Sugita M: The biological half-time of heavy metals. The existence of a third, "slowest" component. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 1978; 41:25-40"

Quelle:
www.ink.ag/literaturverzeichnis.doc

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255 wissenschaftliche Studien zur Schädlichkeit von Amalgam

Torben S. ist offline
Themenstarter Beiträge: 6
Seit: 09.01.05
Studien zur Schädlichkeit von Amalgam / Teil 2

[72] Duhr EF, Pendergrass JC, Slevin JT, Haley BE: HgEDTA complex inhibits GTP interactions with the E-site of brain beta-tubulin. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 1993; 122(2):273-280
[73] Haley, Boyd: persönliche Mitteilung 2003
[74] Pendergrass JC, Haley BE: Inhibition of Brain Tubulin-Guanosine 5-Triphosphate Interactions by Mercury: Similarity to Observations in Alzheimer’s Diseased Brain. In: Metal Ions in Biological Systems V34, pp 461-478. Mercury and Its Effects on Environment and Biology, Chapter 16. Edited by H. Sigel and A. Sigel. Marcel Dekker, Inc. 270 Madison Ave., N.Y., N.Y. 10016 (1996)
[75] Soares FA, Farina M, Santos FW, Souza D, Rocha JB, Nogueira CW: Interaction between metals and chelating agents affects glutamate binding on brain synaptic membranes. Neurochem Res. 2003 Dec; 28(12):1859-65.
[76] Aposhian HV, Morgan DL, Queen HL, Maiorino RM, Aposhian MM: Vitamin C, glutathione, or lipoic acid did not decrease brain or kidney mercury in rats exposed to mercury vapor. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 2003; 41(4):339-47
[77] Ewan KB, Pamphlett R: Increased inorganic mercury in spinal motor neurons following chelating agents. Neurotoxicology. 1996 Summer; 17(2): 343-9
[78] Nogueira CW, Soares FA, Nascimento PC, Muller D, Rocha JB: 2,3-Dimercaptopropane-1-sulfonic acid and meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid increase mercury- and cadmium-induced inhibition of delta-aminolevulinate dehydratase. Toxicology. 2003 Mar 3; 184(2-3):85-95
[79] Harris HH, Pickering IJ, George GN: The chemical form of mercury in fish. Science 2003; 301(5637):1203
[80] Fredriksson A, Dencker L, Archer T, Danielsson BR: Prenatal coexposure to metallic mercury vapour and methylmercury produce interactive behavioural changes in adult rats. Neurotoxicol Teratol. 1996 Mar-Apr; 18(2):129-34
[81] Drasch G, Bose-O'Reilly S, Beinhoff C, Roider G, Maydl S: The Mt. Diwata study on the Philippines 1999 -- assessing mercury intoxication of the population by small scale gold mining. Sci Total Environ 2001 Feb 21; 267:151-168
[82] Drasch G, Bose-O'Reilly S, Beinhoff C, Roider G, Maydl S: The Mt. Diwata study on the Philippines 1999 -- assessing mercury intoxication of the population by small scale gold mining. Sci Total Environ 2001 Feb 21; 267:151-168
[83] Drasch G, Bose-O'Reilly S, Maydl S, Roider G: Scientific comment on the German human biological monitoring values (HBM values) for mercury. Int J Hyg Environ Health 2002; 205:509-512
[84] Holmes AS, Blaxill MF, Haley BE: Reduced levels of mercury in first baby haircuts of autistic children. Int J Toxicol 2003; 22:277-285
[85] Holmes AS, Blaxill MF, Haley BE: Reduced levels of mercury in first baby haircuts of autistic children. Int J Toxicol 2003; 22:277-285
[86] Schubert J, Riley EJ, Tyler SA: Combined effects in toxicology -- a rapid systematic testing procedure: cadmium, mercury, and lead. J Toxicol Environ Health 1978; 4:763-776
[87] Danscher G, Horsted-Bindslev P, Rungby J: Traces of mercury in organs from primates with amalgam fillings. Exp Mol Pathol 1990; 52:291-299
[88] Drasch G, Wanghofer E, Roider G: Are blood, urine, hair, and muscle valid bio-monitoring parameters for the internal burden of men with the heavy metals mercury, lead and cadmium? Trace Elem Electrolytes 1997; 14:116 –123
[89] Hahn LJ, Kloiber R, Vimy MJ, Takahashi Y, Lorscheider FL: Dental "silver" tooth fillings: a source of mercury exposure revealed by whole-body image scan and tissue analysis. FASEB J 1989; 3:2641-2646
[90] Hahn LJ, Kloiber R, Leininger RW, Vimy MJ, Lorscheider FL: Whole-body imaging of the distribution of mercury released from dental fillings into monkey tissues. FASEB J 1990; 4:3256-3260
[91] Hargreaves RJ, Evans JG, Janota I, Magos L, Cavanagh JB: Persistent mercury in nerve cells 16 years after metallic mercury poisoning. Neuropathol Appl Neurobiol. 1988 Nov-Dec; 14(6): 443-52
[92] Holmes AS, Blaxill MF, Haley BE: Reduced levels of mercury in first baby haircuts of autistic children. Int J Toxicol 2003; 22:277-285
[93] Lorscheider FL, Vimy MJ, Summers AO: Mercury exposure from "silver" tooth fillings: emerging evidence questions a traditional dental paradigm. FASEB J 1995; 9:504-508
[94] Opitz H, Schweinsberg F, Grossmann T, Wendt-Gallitelli MF, Meyermann R: Demonstration of mercury in the human brain and other organs 17 years after metallic mercury exposure. Clin Neuropathol 1996; 15:139-144
[95] Vimy MJ, Takahashi Y, Lorscheider FL: Maternal-fetal distribution of mercury (203Hg) released from dental amalgam fillings. Am. J. Physiol 1990; 258:939-945
[96] Weiner JA, Nylander M: The relationship between mercury concentration in human organs and different predictor variables. Sci. Total. Environ. 138, 101-115 (1993)
[97] Drasch G, Bose-O'Reilly S, Beinhoff C, Roider G, Maydl S: The Mt. Diwata study on the Philippines 1999 -- assessing mercury intoxication of the population by small scale gold mining. Sci Total Environ 2001 Feb 21; 267:151-168
[98] Drasch G, Bose-O'Reilly S, Maydl S, Roider G: Scientific comment on the German human biological monitoring values (HBM values) for mercury. Int J Hyg Environ Health 2002; 205:509-512
[99] Drasch G, Bose-Reilly S, Mydl S, Roider G. Response to the letter of the Human Biomonitoring Commission. Int J Hyg Environ Health 2004; 207: 183-184
[100] Boyd ND, Benediktsson H, Vimy MJ, Hooper DE, Lorscheider FL: Mercury from dental "silver" tooth fillings impairs sheep kidney function. Am. J. Physiol. 261, R1010-1014 (1991)
[101] Galic N, Prpic-Mehiic G, Prester LJ, Krnic Z, Blanusa M, Erceg D: Elimination of mercury from amalgam in rats. J Trace Elem Med Biol. 2001; 15(1):1-4
[102] Pollard KM, Pearson DL, Hultman P, Deane TN, Lindh U, Kono DH: Xenobiotic acceleration of idiopathic systemic autoimmunity in lupus-prone bxsb mice. Environ Health Perspect. 2001 Jan; 109(1):27-33
[103] Mortada WI, Sobh MA, El-Defrawy MM, Farahat EF: Mercury in dental restoration: Is there a risk of nephrotoxicity? J Nephrol 2002; 15:171-176
[104] Akiyama M, Oshima H, Nakamura M. Genotoxicity of mercury used in chromosome aberration tests. Toxicol In Vitro. 2001 Aug-Oct; 15(4-5):463-7
[105] Pizzichini M, Fonzi M, Sugherini L, Fonzi L, Comporti M, Gasparoni A, Pompella A: Release of mercury from dental amalgam and its influence on salivary antioxidant activity. Bull Group Int Rech Sci Stomatol Odontol. 2000 May-Dec; 42(2-3):94-100
[106] Pizzichini M, Fonzi M, Sugherini L, Fonzi L, Gasparoni A, Comporti M, Pompella A: Release of mercury from dental amalgam and its influence on salivary antioxidant activity. Sci Total Environ. 2002 Feb 4; 284(1-3):19-25
[107] Pizzichini M, Fonzi M, Gasparoni A, Mencarelli M, Rocchi G, Kaitsas V, Fonzi L: Influence of amalgam fillings on Hg levels and total antioxidant activity in plasma of healthy donors. Bull Group Int Rech Sci Stomatol Odontol. 2001 May-Sep; 43(2):62-7
[108] Pizzichini M, Fonzi M, Giannerini F, Mencarelli M, Gasparoni A, Rocchi G, Kaitsas V, Fonzi L: Influence of amalgam fillings on Hg levels and total antioxidant activity in plasma of healthy donors. Sci Total Environ 2003; 301(1-3):43-50
[109] Olivieri G, Brack C, Muller-Spahn F, Stahelin HB, Herrmann M, Renard P, Brockhaus M, Hock C: Mercury induces cell cytotoxicity and oxidative stress and increases beta-amyloid secretion and tau phosphorylation in SHSY5Y neuroblastoma cells. J Neurochem 2000;74(1):231-236
[110] Olivieri G, Novakovic M, Savaskan E, Meier F, Baysang G, Brockhaus M, Muller-Spahn F: The effects of beta-estradiol on SHSY5Y neuroblastoma cells during heavy metal induced oxidative stress, neurotoxicity and beta-amyloid secretion. Neuroscience 2002; 113(4):849
[111] Drasch G, Mail der S, Schlosser C, Roider G: Content of non-mercury-associated selenium in human tissues. Biol Trace Elem Res 2000;77(3):219-230
[112] Kosta L, Byrne AR, Zelenko V: Correlation between selenium and mercury in man following exposure to inorganic mercury. Nature. 1975 Mar 20; 254(5497): 238-9
[113] Bartova J, Prochazkova J, Kratka Z, Benetkova K, Venclikova Z, Sterzl I: Dental amalgam as one of the risk factors in autoimmune diseases. Neuroendocrinol. Lett. 24, 65-67 (2003)
[114] Berlin M: Mercury in dental-filling materials – an updated risk analysis in environmental medical terms. The dental Material Commission - Care and Consideration (2003). Available from: URL: http://www.dentalmaterial.gov.se/mercury.pdf [cited 2003 September 22]
[115] Hultman P, Johansson U, Turley SJ, Lindh U, Enestrom S, Pollard KM: Adverse immunological effects and autoimmunity induced by dental amalgam and alloy in mice. FASEB. J. 8, 1183-1190 (1994)
[116] Hultman P, Lindh U, Horsted-Bindslev P: Activation of the immune system and systemic immune-complex deposits in Brown Norway rats with dental amalgam restorations (1998)
[117] Pollard KM, Pearson DL, Hultman P, Deane TN, Lindh U, Kono DH: Xenobiotic acceleration of idiopathic systemic autoimmunity in lupus-prone bxsb mice. Environ Health Perspect. 2001 Jan; 109(1):27-33
[118] Stejskal J, Stejskal VD: The role of metals in autoimmunity and the link to neuroendocrinology. Neuroendocrinol Lett 1999; 20:351-364
[119] Stejskal VD, Danersund A, Lindvall A, Hudecek R, Nordman V, Yaqob A, Mayer W, Bieger W, Lindh U: Metal-specific lymphocytes: biomarkers of sensitivity in man. Neuroendocrinol Lett. 1999; 20(5):289-298
[120] Sterzl I, Prochazkova J, Hrda P, Bartova J, Matucha P, Stejskal VD: Mercury and nickel allergy: risk factors in fatigue and autoimmunity. Neuroendocrinol. Lett. 20, 221-228 (1999)
[121] Via CS, Nguyen P, Niculescu F, Papadimitriou J, Hoover D, Silbergeld EK: Low-dose exposure to inorganic mercury accelerates disease and mortality in acquired murine lupus. Environ. Health. Perspect. 111, 1273-1277 (2003)
[122] Kazantzis G: Mercury exposure and early effects: an overview. Med Lav. 2002 May-Jun; 93(3):139-47
[123] Berlin M: Mercury in dental-filling materials – an updated risk analysis in environmental medical terms. The dental Material Commission - Care and Consideration (2003). Available from: URL: http://www.dentalmaterial.gov.se/mercury.pdf [cited 2003 September 22]
[124] Kommission Human Biomonitoring des Umweltbundesamtes: Stoffmonographie Quecksilber. Referenz- und Human-Biomonitoring-Werte (HBM). Bundesgesundhbl 1999; 42:522-532
[125] Marcusson JA: The frequency of mercury intolerance in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome and healthy controls. Contact Dermatitis. 1999 Jul; 41(1):60-1
[126] Richardson GM: Assesment of Mercury Exposure and Risks from Dental amalgam. Final Report. Medical Devices Bureau, Health Canada, Ottawa, 1995
[127] Björklund G: Mercury as a potential source for the etiology of Alzheimer´s disease. Trace Elem Med 1991; 8:208
[128] Ely JT: Mercury induced Alzheimer's disease: accelerating incidence? Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 67, 800-806 (2001)
[129] Pendergrass JC, Haley BE: Inhibition of brain tubulin-guanosine 5'-triphosphate interactions by mercury: similarity to observations in Alzheimer's diseased brain. Met Ions Biol Syst. 1997; 34:461-78
[130] Haley B: The relationship of toxic effects of mercury to exacerbation of the medical condition classified as alzheimer´s disease (2002). Available from: URL: http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dailys/02/Sep02/091602/80027dd5.pdf [cited 2003 November 17]
[131] Duhr EF, Pendergrass JC, Slevin JT, Haley BE: HgEDTA complex inhibits GTP interactions with the E-site of brain beta-tubulin. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 1993; 122(2):273-280

Quelle:
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[geändert von Torben S. am 01-09-05 at 04:29 PM]


[geändert von Torben S. am 01-09-05 at 04:30 PM]

255 wissenschaftliche Studien zur Schädlichkeit von Amalgam

Torben S. ist offline
Themenstarter Beiträge: 6
Seit: 09.01.05
Studien zur Schädlichkeit von Amalgam / Teil 3

[132] Palkiewicz P, Zwiers H, Lorscheider FL: ADP-ribosylation of brain neuronal proteins is altered by in vitro and in vivo exposure to inorganic mercury. J Neurochem 1994; 62(5):2049-2052
[133] Pendergrass JC, Haley BE, Vimy MJ, Winfield SA, Lorscheider FL: Mercury vapor inhalation inhibits binding of GTP to tubulin in rat brain: similarity to a molecular lesion in Alzheimer diseased brain. Neurotoxicology 18, 315-324 (1997)
[134] Pendergrass JC, Haley BE: Mercury-EDTA Complex Specifically Blocks Brain-Tubulin-GTP Interactions: Similarity to Observations in Alzheimer´s Disease. In: Friberg LT, Schrauzer GN (eds.): Status Quo and Perspective of Amalgam and Other Dental Materials. International Symposium Proceedings. Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart-New York, 1995, pp 98-105
[135] Pendergrass JC, Haley BE: Inhibition of Brain Tubulin-Guanosine 5-Triphosphate Interactions by Mercury: Similarity to Observations in Alzheimer’s Diseased Brain. In: Metal Ions in Biological Systems V34, pp 461-478. Mercury and Its Effects on Environment and Biology, Chapter 16. Edited by H. Sigel and A. Sigel. Marcel Dekker, Inc. 270 Madison Ave., N.Y., N.Y. 10016 (1996)
[136] Pendergrass JC, Haley BE, Vimy MJ, Winfield SA, Lorscheider FL: Mercury vapor inhalation inhibits binding of GTP to tubulin in rat brain: similarity to a molecular lesion in Alzheimer diseased brain. Neurotoxicology 18, 315-324 (1997)
[137] Olivieri G, Brack C, Muller-Spahn F, Stahelin HB, Herrmann M, Renard P, Brockhaus M, Hock C: Mercury induces cell cytotoxicity and oxidative stress and increases beta-amyloid secretion and tau phosphorylation in SHSY5Y neuroblastoma cells. J Neurochem 2000;74(1):231-236
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[140] Cedrola S, Guzzi G, Ferrari D, Gritti A, Vescovi AL, Pendergrass JC, La Porta CA: Inorganic mercury changes the fate of murine CNS stem cells. FASEB J. 2003; 17(8):869-871
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[142] Godfrey ME, Wojcik DP, Krone CA: Apolipoprotein E genotyping as a potential biomarker for mercury neurotoxicity. J Alzheimers Dis 2003; 5(3):189-195
[143] Pendergrass JC, Haley BE: Inhibition of Brain Tubulin-Guanosine 5-Triphosphate Interactions by Mercury: Similarity to Observations in Alzheimer’s Diseased Brain. In: Metal Ions in Biological Systems V34, pp 461-478. Mercury and Its Effects on Environment and Biology, Chapter 16. Edited by H. Sigel and A. Sigel. Marcel Dekker, Inc. 270 Madison Ave., N.Y., N.Y. 10016 (1996)
[144] Haley B: The relationship of toxic effects of mercury to exacerbation of the medical condition classified as alzheimer´s disease (2002). Available from: URL: http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dailys/02/Sep02/091602/80027dd5.pdf [cited 2003 November 17]
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[152] Holmes AS, Blaxill MF, Haley BE: Reduced levels of mercury in first baby haircuts of autistic children. Int J Toxicol 2003; 22:277-285
[153] Holmes AS, Blaxill MF, Haley BE: Reduced levels of mercury in first baby haircuts of autistic children. Int J Toxicol 2003; 22:277-285
[154] Holmes AS, Blaxill MF, Haley BE: Reduced levels of mercury in first baby haircuts of autistic children. Int J Toxicol 2003; 22:277-285
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[158] Holmes AS, Blaxill MF, Haley BE: Reduced levels of mercury in first baby haircuts of autistic children. Int J Toxicol 2003; 22:277-285
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[183] Berlin M: Mercury in dental-filling materials – an updated risk analysis in environmental medical terms. The dental Material Commission - Care and Consideration (2003). Available from: URL: http://www.dentalmaterial.gov.se/mercury.pdf [cited 2003 September 22]
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[186] Martin MD, Broughton S, Drangsholt M: Oral lichen planus and dental materials: a case-control study. Contact Dermatitis. 2003 Jun; 48(6): 331-6
[187] Wong L, Freeman S: Oral lichenoid lesions (OLL) and mercury in amalgam fillings. Contact Dermatitis. 2003 Feb; 48(2): 74-9
[188] Guttman-Yassky E, Weltfriend S, Bergman R: Resolution of orofacial granulomatosis with amalgam removal. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2003 May; 17(3): 344-7
[189] Gerhard I, Waibel S, Daniel V, Runnebaum B: Impact of heavy metals on hormonal and immunological factors in women with repeated miscarriages. Hum Reprod Update. 1998a May-Jun; 4(3): 301-9
[190] Gerhard I, Monga B, Waldbrenner A, Runnebaum B: Heavy metals and fertility. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 1998b Aug 21; 54(8): 593-611
[191] Gerhard I, Runnebaum B: [The limits of hormone substitution in pollutant exposure and fertility disorders]. Zentralbl Gynäkol. 1992; 114(12): 593-602

Quelle:
www.ink.ag/literaturverzeichnis.doc

[geändert von Torben S. am 01-09-05 at 04:46 PM]

255 wissenschaftliche Studien zur Schädlichkeit von Amalgam

Torben S. ist offline
Themenstarter Beiträge: 6
Seit: 09.01.05
Studien zur Schädlichkeit von Amalgam / Teil 4

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[193] Gerhard I, Monga B, Waldbrenner A, Runnebaum B: Heavy metals and fertility. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 1998b Aug 21; 54(8): 593-611
[194] Podzimek S, Prochazkova J, Pribylova L, Bartova J, Ulcova-Gallova Z, Mrklas L, Stejskal VD. [Effect of heavy metals on immune reactions in patients with infertility] Cas Lek Cesk. 2003; 142(5): 285-8
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[198] Salonen JT, Seppanen K, Nyyssonen K, Korpela H, Kauhanen J, Kantola M, Tuomilehto J, Esterbauer H, Tatzber F, Salonen R: Intake of mercury from fish, lipid peroxidation, and the risk of myocardial infarction and coronary, cardiovascular, and any death in eastern Finnish men. Circulation. 1995 Feb 1; 91(3): 645-55
[199] Salonen JT, Seppanen K, Nyyssonen K, Korpela H, Kauhanen J, Kantola M, Tuomilehto J, Esterbauer H, Tatzber F, Salonen R: Intake of mercury from fish, lipid peroxidation, and the risk of myocardial infarction and coronary, cardiovascular, and any death in eastern Finnish men. Circulation. 1995 Feb 1; 91(3): 645-55
[200] Salonen JT, Seppanen K, Nyyssonen K, Korpela H, Kauhanen J, Kantola M, Tuomilehto J, Esterbauer H, Tatzber F, Salonen R: Intake of mercury from fish, lipid peroxidation, and the risk of myocardial infarction and coronary, cardiovascular, and any death in eastern Finnish men. Circulation. 1995 Feb 1; 91(3): 645-55
[201] Boffetta P, Sallsten G, Garcia-Gomez M et al: Mortality from cardiovascular diseases and exposure to inorganic mercury. Occup Environ Med. 2001 Jul; 58(7): 461-6
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[205] Baasch E: [Theoretical considerations on the etiology of multiple sclerosis. Is multiple sclerosis a mercury allergy?] Schweiz Arch Neurol Neurochir Psychiatr. 1966; 98(1): 1-19
[206] Ingalls TH: Epidemiology, etiology, and prevention of multiple sclerosis. Hypothesis and fact. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 1983 Mar; 4(1): 55-61
[207] Ingalls TH: Endemic clustering of multiple sclerosis in time and place, 1934-1984. Confirmation of a hypothesis. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 1986 Mar; 7(1): 3-8
[208] Issa Y, Watts DC, Duxbury AJ, Brunton PA, Watson MB, Waters CM: Mercuric chloride: toxicity and apoptosis in a human oligodendroglial cell line MO3.13. Biomaterials. 2003 Mar; 24(6): 981-7. J. Dent. Res. 77, 1415-1425 (1998).
[209] Stejskal J, Stejskal VD: The role of metals in autoimmunity and the link to neuroendocrinology. Neuroendocrinol Lett 1999; 20:351-364
[210] Ahlrot-Westerlund B (1989): Mercury in cerebrospinal fluid in multiple sclerosis. Swed. J. Biol. Med. 1: 6-7
[211] Siblerud RL: A comparison of mental health of multiple sclerosis patients with silver/mercury dental fillings and those with fillings removed. Psychol. Rep. 70, 1139-1151 (1992)
[212] Siblerud RL, Kienholz E: Evidence that mercury from silver dental fillings may be an etiological factor in multiple sclerosis. Sci. Total Environ. 142, 191-205 (1994)
[213] Huggins HA, Levy TE: Cerebrospinal fluid protein changes in multiple sclerosis after dental amalgam removal. Altern. Med. Rev. 3, 295-300 (1998)
[214] Engel P: Observations on health before and after amalgam removal. Schweiz. Monatsschr. Zahnmed. 108, 811-813 (1998)
[215] Pamphlett R, Coote P: Entry of low doses of mercury vapor into the nervous system. Neurotoxicology 1998; 19:39-47
[216] Pamphlett R, Slater M, Thomas S: Oxidative damage to nuclic acids in motor neurons containing mercury. Journal of the Neurological Sciences 159: 121-126 (1998)
[217] Pamphlett R, Waley P: Motor neuron uptake of low dose inorganic mercury. J Neurol Sci. 1996 Jan; 135(1): 63-7
[218] Adams CR, Ziegler DK, Lin JT: Mercury intoxication simulating amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. JAMA. 1983 Aug 5; 250(5): 642-3
[219] Schwarz S, Husstedt I, Bertram HP, Kuchelmeister K: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis after accidental injection of mercury. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1996 Jun; 60(6): 698
[220] Rehde O, Pleva J: Recovery from amyothrophic lateral sclerosis and from allergy after removal of dental amalgam fillings. Int. J. Risk. Safety Med.; 4: 229-236 (1994)
[221] Engel P: Observations on health before and after amalgam removal. Schweiz. Monatsschr. Zahnmed. 108, 811-813 (1998)
[222] Godfrey ME, Wojcik DP, Krone CA: Apolipoprotein E genotyping as a potential biomarker for mercury neurotoxicity. J Alzheimers Dis 2003; 5(3):189-195
[224] Lindh U, Hudecek R, Danersund A, Eriksson S, Lindvall A: Removal of dental amalgam and other metal alloys supported by antioxidant therapy alleviates symptoms and improves quality of life in patients with amalgam-associated ill health. Neuroendocrinol Lett. 2002; 23:459-482
[225] Siblerud RL: A comparison of mental health of multiple sclerosis patients with silver/mercury dental fillings and those with fillings removed. Psychol. Rep. 70, 1139-1151 (1992)
[226] Siblerud RL, Kienholz E, Motl J: Evidence that mercury from silver dental fillings may be an etiological factor in smoking. Toxicol. Lett. 68, 307-310 (1993)
[227] Siblerud RL, Motl J, Kienholz E: Psychometric evidence that mercury from silver dental fillings may be an etiological factor in depression, excessive anger, and anxiety. Psychol Rep. 74, 67-80 (1994)
[228] Gottwald B, Traenckner I, Kupfer J, Ganss C, Eis D, Schill WB, Gieler U: "Amalgam disease"-- poisoning, allergy, or psychic disorder? Int. J. Hyg. Environ. Health. 204, 223-229 (2001)
[229] Zimmer H, Ludwig H, Bader M, Bailer J, Eickholz P, Staehle HJ, Triebig G: Determination of mercury in blood, urine and saliva for the biological monitoring of an exposure from amalgam fillings in a group with self-reported adverse health effects. Int. J. Hyg. Environ. Health 205, 205-211 (2002)
[230] Marcusson JA, Jarstrand C: Oxidative Metabolism of neutrophils in vitro and human mercury intolerance. Toxicology in vitro (1998) 12: 383-388.
[231] Godfrey ME, Wojcik DP, Krone CA: Apolipoprotein E genotyping as a potential biomarker for mercury neurotoxicity. J Alzheimers Dis 2003; 5(3):189-195
[232] Godfrey ME, Wojcik DP, Krone CA: Apolipoprotein E genotyping as a potential biomarker for mercury neurotoxicity. J Alzheimers Dis 2003; 5(3):189-195
[233] Haley B: The relationship of toxic effects of mercury to exacerbation of the medical condition classified as alzheimer´s disease (2002). Available from: URL: http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dailys/02/Sep02/091602/80027dd5.pdf [cited 2003 November 17]
[234] Pendergrass JC, Haley BE: Inhibition of Brain Tubulin-Guanosine 5-Triphosphate Interactions by Mercury: Similarity to Observations in Alzheimer’s Diseased Brain. In: Metal Ions in Biological Systems V34, pp 461-478. Mercury and Its Effects on Environment and Biology, Chapter 16. Edited by H. Sigel and A. Sigel. Marcel Dekker, Inc. 270 Madison Ave., N.Y., N.Y. 10016 (1996)
[235] Stewart WF, Schwartz BS, Simon D, Kelsey K, Todd AC: ApoE genotype, past adult lead exposure, and neurobehavioral function. Environ Health Perspect 2002; 110:501-505
[236] Hol PJ, Vamnes JS, Gjerdet NR, Eide R, Isrenn R: Dental amalgam and selenium in blood. Environ. Res. 87, 141-146 (2001)
[237] Lindh U, Carlmark B, Gronquist SO, Lindvall A: Metal exposure from amalgam alters the distribution of trace elements in blood cells and plasma. Clin. Chem. Lab. Med. 39, 134-142 (2001)
[238] Sterzl I, Prochazkova J, Hrda P, Bartova J, Matucha P, Stejskal VD: Mercury and nickel allergy: risk factors in fatigue and autoimmunity. Neuroendocrinol. Lett. 20, 221-228 (1999)
[239] Stejskal J, Stejskal VD: The role of metals in autoimmunity and the link to neuroendocrinology. Neuroendocrinol Lett 1999; 20:351-364
[240] Stejskal VD, Forsbeck M, Cederbrant KE, Asteman O. Mercury-specific lymphocytes: an indication of mercury allergy in man. J Clin Immunol. 1996 Jan; 16(1): 31-40
[241] Valentine-Thon E, Schiwara HW: Validity of MELISA for metal sensitivity testing. Neuroendocrinol Lett. 2003 Feb-Apr; 24(1-2): 57-64
[242] Bauer A, Alsen-Hinrichs C, Wassermann O: [Evaluation of environmental medicine documentation in Schleswig-Holstein 1995-1999]. Gesundheitswesen. 2001 Apr; 63(4):231-7
[243] Hamre HJ: Amalgam. Hippokrates-Verlag Stuttgart, 1997
[244] Kidd RF: Results of dental amalgam removal and mercury detoxification using DMPS and neural therapy. Altern Ther Health Med. 2000 Jul; 6(4):49-55
[245] Lindh U, Hudecek R, Danersund A, Eriksson S, Lindvall A: Removal of dental amalgam and other metal alloys supported by antioxidant therapy alleviates symptoms and improves quality of life in patients with amalgam-associated ill health. Neuroendocrinol Lett. 2002; 23:459-482
[246] Engel P: Observations on health before and after amalgam removal. Schweiz. Monatsschr. Zahnmed. 108, 811-813 (1998)
[247] Huggins HA, Levy TE: Cerebrospinal fluid protein changes in multiple sclerosis after dental amalgam removal. Altern. Med. Rev. 3, 295-300 (1998)
[248] Melchart D, Wuhr E, Weidenhammer W, Kremers L: A multicenter survey of amalgam fillings and subjective complaints in non-selected patients in the dental practice. Eur. J. Oral. Sci. 106, 770-777 (1998)
[249] Mercola J, Klinghardt D: Mercury toxicity and systemic elimination agents. J Nutr Environ Med 2001; 11:53-62
[250] Prochazkova J, Sterzl I, Kucerova H, Bartova J, Stejskal VDM: Mercury allergy in patients with autoimmune diseases: diagnosis and treatment option. Submitted to Environ Health perspectives 2004
[251] Siblerud RL, Kienholz E: Evidence that mercury from silver dental fillings may be an etiological factor in multiple sclerosis. Sci. Total Environ. 142, 191-205 (1994)
[252] Stejskal VD, Danersund A, Lindvall A, Hudecek R, Nordman V, Yaqob A, Mayer W, Bieger W, Lindh U: Metal-specific lymphocytes: biomarkers of sensitivity in man. Neuroendocrinol Lett. 1999; 20(5):289-298
[253] Sterzl I, Prochazkova J, Hrda P, Bartova J, Matucha P, Stejskal VD: Mercury and nickel allergy: risk factors in fatigue and autoimmunity. Neuroendocrinol. Lett. 20, 221-228 (1999)
[254] Berlin M: Mercury in dental-filling materials – an updated risk analysis in environmental medical terms. The dental Material Commission - Care and Consideration (2003). Available from: URL: http://www.dentalmaterial.gov.se/mercury.pdf [cited 2003 September 22]
[255] Mercola J, Klinghardt D: Mercury toxicity and systemic elimination agents. J Nutr Environ Med 2001; 11:53-62

Quelle:
www.ink.ag/literaturverzeichnis.doc

255 wissenschaftliche Studien zur Schädlichkeit von Amalgam

Oregano ist offline
Beiträge: 62.177
Seit: 10.01.04
Vielen Dank Torben. Damit kann man jetzt jeden, der behauptet, Amalgam sei unschädlich , gleich erschlagen :p :@ ..
Ich habe gesehen, daß Du bei Wikipedia diese Liste auch gepostet hast. Hoffentlich gehen noch andere auf dieses Thema dort ein und werden nicht gelöscht...
Gruß,
Uta

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diskussion:Amalgam

255 wissenschaftliche Studien zur Schädlichkeit von Amalgam

Biologe ist offline
Beiträge: 2
Seit: 09.01.05
Besonders "228" und die Autoren von "37" (gleich "229") beschreiben die Situation zutreffend und nennen auch die relevante medizinische Fachabteilung.

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Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2001 Dec;204(4):223-9.

"Amalgam disease"--poisoning, allergy, or psychic disorder?

Gottwald B, Traenckner I, Kupfer J, Ganss C, Eis D, Schill WB, Gieler U.

Department of Medical Psychology, University of Giessen, Germany.

Frequently, patients in environmental health out-patient units relate various complaints to their amalgam fillings. However, an association between the toxic exposure and the reported complaints appears plausible only in few cases. We investigated toxicological, allergological and psychological parameters in patients with amalgam-associated complaints and compared them to controls with similar numbers of amalgam fillings. Forty patients with health disturbances related to amalgam were compared to a control group without amalgam-associated complaints (n = 40), carefully matched for age, sex, and dental status. Mercury concentrations were analyzed in blood, saliva, and 24-h-urine. Atopic predisposition, determination of IgE, patch testing with amalgam and amalgam-associated metals and a psychometric assessment were performed in all participants. Mercury concentrations in blood or urine were similar in patients and controls. Atopic predisposition was markedly enhanced in patients (11/40) as compared to controls (5/40). Only one patient with a lichen ruber of the oral mucosa showed a contact sensitization to amalgam. Patients reported more psychic strain and higher depression scores than controls. Somatization disorders were found in 10 patients (25%) and in one control. Eighteen patients (45%) neither showed an atopic predisposition nor an influence of psychosocial factors. Toxic exposure to mercury does not appear to play a role in "amalgam disease". Since many of these patients are atopic without an "amalgam allergy", but with more psychic strain and notably more depression, the treatment should be focused on allergologic and psychological factors.

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Psychol Med. 2001 Feb;31(2):255-63.

Adverse health effects related to mercury exposure from dental amalgam fillings: toxicological or psychological causes?

Bailer J, Rist F, Rudolf A, Staehle HJ, Eickholz P, Triebig G, Bader M, Pfeifer U.

Department of Clinical Psychology, Central Institute of Mental Health, Mannheim, Germany.

BACKGROUND: Possible adverse health effects due to mercury released by amalgam fillings have been discussed in several studies of patients who attribute various symptoms to the effects of amalgam fillings. No systematic relation of specific symptoms to increased mercury levels could be established in any of these studies. Thus, a psychosomatic aetiology of the complaints should be considered and psychological factors contributing to their aetiology should be identified. METHODS: A screening questionnaire was used to identify subjects who were convinced that their health had already been affected seriously by their amalgam fillings (N = 40). These amalgam sensitive subjects were compared to amalgam non-sensitive subjects (N = 43). All participants were subjected to dental, general health, toxicological and psychological examinations. RESULTS: The two groups did not differ with respect to the number of amalgam fillings, amalgam surfaces or mercury levels assessed in blood, urine or saliva. However, amalgam sensitive subjects had significantly higher symptom scores both in a screening instrument for medically unexplained somatic symptoms (SOMS) and in the SCL-90-R Somatization scale. Additionally, more subjects from this group (50% versus 4.7%) had severe somatization syndromes. With respect to psychological risk factors, amalgam sensitive subjects had a self-concept of being weak and unable to tolerate stress, more cognitions of environmental threat, and increased habitual anxiety. These psychological factors were significantly correlated with the number and intensity of the reported somatic symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: While our results do not support an organic explanation of the reported symptoms, they are well in accord with the notion of a psychological aetiology of the reported symptoms and complaints. The findings suggest that self-diagnosed 'amalgam illness' is a label for a general tendency toward somatization.


255 wissenschaftliche Studien zur Schädlichkeit von Amalgam

himmelsengel ist offline
Beiträge: 912
Seit: 25.03.04
Wie schön wenn man Englisch kann... ich kann es nicht. ;)

255 wissenschaftliche Studien zur Schädlichkeit von Amalgam

Günter ist offline
Beiträge: 2.006
Seit: 07.05.04
Hallo Himmelsengel,

die zwei Studien kommen zu dem Ergebnis, daß kein Zusammenhang zwischen der Amalgambelastung und den Beschwerden bestehen. Sie gehören aber trotzdem in die Liste der Beweisstudien, da sie sehr schön die methodischen Fehler der Amalgambefürworter zeigen!
Mercury concentrations were analyzed in blood, saliva, and 24-h-urine.
Man hat also die Quecksilberkonzentration in Blut, Speichel und 24-h-Urin zum Vergleich herangezogen. Chronisch kranke Amalgamis scheiden aber dort so gut wie nichts mehr aus. Das Quecksilber sitzt z.B. im Nervengewebe und kommt dort von allein nicht wieder heraus. Die einzige bekannte Substanz, die das Quecksilber dort wieder rausholen kann, ist die grüne Korianderpflanze. Auch vermisse ich eine Stuhluntersuchung und einen DPMS-Test.
Eine solche Herangehensweise ist unwissenschaftlich. Wenn ich das Für und Wider der Amalgamschädigungen untersuchen will, muß ich mich vorher mit den Argumenten der Amalgamgegner auseinandersetzen. Wer aber die Theorie nicht kennt, kann auch keine ordentliche Versuchsplanung durchführen.
Man hätte zusätzlich zu Blut, Speichel und 24-h-Urin den Stuhl, die Atemluft (unmittelbar nach Koriandergabe!) und den Schweiß untersuchen müssen, nach der Provokation mit DPMS und Koriander + Bärlauch/Knoblauch + Chlorella!
Im zweiten Text wird auch erwähnt, daß sich kein signifikanter Zusammenhang zwischen den Beschwerden und Anzahl und Oberfläche der Amalgamfüllungen ermitteln lies. Dies ist aber eine allgemein zu beobachtende Tatsache. Manche haben 10 Füllungen und keinerlei Probleme, andere haben zwei Füllungen und sind furchtbar krank. Die indiviuelle Empfindlichkeit und Entgiftungsfähigkeit ist hier entscheidend. Ich z.B. habe HPU und dadurch eine ordentliche Amalgamvergiftung, andere haben keine solchen Probleme mit der doppelten Anzahl Füllungen, weil deren natürliche Entgiftung tadellos funktioniert und sie auch keinen Zinkmangel haben. Dies hätte man aber vor der Studie herausfinden können!
Medikamente werden verboten, wenn heftige Nebenwirkungen bei einem Teil der Patienten auftreten. Dort wird nicht versucht, einen Zusammenhang zwischen der Dosis und den Beschwerden zu finden. Es reicht, wenn bei einem gewissen Prozentsatz der Patienten gefährliche Nebenwirkungen auftreten. Bei Amalgam ist dies aber merkwürdigerweise nicht der Fall...
Liebe Grüße

Günter

255 wissenschaftliche Studien zur Schädlichkeit von Amalgam

wikinger ist offline
Beiträge: 326
Seit: 28.04.04
hi biologe!

quecksilber lässst sich kaum im blut nachweisen, da es sehr schnell im körper an proteine in den körperzellen gebunden wird (depotbildung). nur bei akuten vergiftungen sind schwermetalle im blut nachweisbar.

ähnliches gilt für den urin: da schwermetalle nicht frei zirkulieren können die nieren diese auch nicht herausfiltern. anders verhält es sich, wenn chelatierende substanzen wie dmps oder korianderkraut verabreicht werden. nach der gabe sind bei belasteten personen recht bald im urin schwermetalle nachweisbar.

die quecksilberkonzentration im speichel steigt vor allem nach dem verzehr saurer speisen (z.b. zitrusfrüchte). die größte belastung für den körper geht allerdings ohnehin nicht vom speichel aus, da im darm nur geringe mengen quecksilber absorbiert werden, sondern das eigentliche problem sind die quesilberdämpfe, die bei jedem atemzug inhaliert werden. dieser effekt kann mit messgeräten, die quecksilberkonzentrationen in der luft feststellen können nachgewiesen werden.

allerdings kann es gut sein, dass menschen, die sich über amalgam in ihrem mund sorgen machen, tendenziell auch allgemein eher sorgenvoll sind. es ist ganz sicher ein optimales feld für hypochonder (da man ja quasi jedes symptom mit amalgam in verbindung bringen kann). andererseits kann sich eine amalgambelastung negativ auf die kommunikation der nervenzellen auswirken, somit z.b. den serotoninspiegel negativ beeinflussen und damit zu allgemeiner depressivität und hypochondrischen störungen etc. führen.

gruß
wikinger

255 wissenschaftliche Studien zur Schädlichkeit von Amalgam

wikinger ist offline
Beiträge: 326
Seit: 28.04.04
hey günther! da haben wir wohl nahezu gleizeitig getipst... nuja, doppelt hält besser ;)


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